'Alexander II.'s reign, though active, busy, and abounding in events, yet exhibits few incidents of that deeply influential character which affect future ages. These events are rather to be considered in the gross than in particular detail, and we shall revert to them hereafter, only stating here generally that Alexander's battles chiefly took place in endeavoring to give currency to the law in those parts of his kingdom which were still Celtic.'
The blurb above, from Sir Walter Scott's "Scotland", gives a flavor of Alexander II's era. Alexander was the son of William I, the Lion of Scotland. The unfortunate sacking of Berwick by John of England took place under Alexander's watch. Alexander II was crowned king on December 6, 1214.